Caliciviruses are an important cause of gastroenteritis in humans and animals. Molecular analysis of the polymerase and capsid genes of porcine caliciviruses, sapoviruses (SaVs) and noroviruses (NoVs), has demonstrated a broad range of genetic diversity but information on their epidemiology and pathogenic role in pigs is limited. In this study, 292 faecal samples were obtained from 4-5 to 8-9 week old asymptomatic pigs from four porcine herds in Ireland during 2005-2007 and were screened by RT-PCR using calicivirus-specific primers. Only seven samples from two porcine herds tested positive for porcine calicivirus. By sequence analysis of the partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) fragment, six samples from one such herd were closely related to each other (>98% nucleotide identity) and were characterised as genogroup (GG) III (Cowden-like) porcine SaVs. These viruses demonstrated an amino acid (aa) identity of 81.3-98.6% to GGIII SaVs. Conversely, one calicivirus strain, 9/07/Ire (identified from a different herd in 2007), was distantly related to GIII SaVs and displayed 94.6-98.6% aa identity to rare K7-like porcine caliciviruses, representatives of a potential novel SaV genogroup (GGVII), described previously in Japan and the USA. Circulation of SaVs in asymptomatic animals might be a mechanism of virus persistence in porcine populations and should be considered with respect to understanding the epidemiology of these viruses in porcine herds.
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|Titolo:||DETECTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PORCINE SAPOVIRUSES FROM ASYMPTOMATIC ANIMALS IN IRISH FARMS|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|