Epithelial hyperplastic laryngeal lesions (EHLL) are associated, with a varying degree of "epithelial risk"- to develop invasive carcinoma. Several classifications have been proposed but none has received a total agreement. The 1999 Ljubljana classification distinguished four grades: simple, abnormal and atypical hyperplasia and in situ carcinoma (ISC). The first two grades are considered benign lesions; the ISC is the malignant lesion, while the atypical hyperplasia is considered a "risky lesion". This is characterized by alterations of epithelial cells towards malignancy, but not to the extent to be found in carcinoma cells. Such characteristics refer to cytomorphological (e.g., nuclear hyperchromatism, nucleoli, increased nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio) and architectural (e.g. stratification, orientation, maturation) features. In the Ljubljana scheme, nuclear pleomorphism is one of the most important features. We wanted to improve the importance of nuclear pleomorphism in the basal cells layer in different classes of EHLL using morphometrical analysis. We studied 8 cases of simple hyperplasia, 10 of abnormal hyperplasia, 10 of atypical hyperplasia and 8 of ISC using the software SAM (Shape Analytical Morphometry). The results were submitted to univariate statistical analysis. Nuclear dimensions (maximum diameter, perimeter and area) showed a progressive increase from simple to atypical hyperplasias to ISC, while abnormal hyperplasia showed the lowest values. On the contrary, analytical parameters related to nuclear contour irregularities and asymmetries showed their highest values in abnormal hyperplasia nuclei. There were no significant differences between atypical hyperplasia and ISC, while it was possible to differentiate abnormal hyperplasia from the others. In conclusion basal nuclei of atypical hyperplasia and ISC are similar so that other cytological and morphological architectural parameters are necessary to distinguish the two lesions. Abnormal hyperplasia seems to be the biological category of 'proliferative " benign laryngeal epithelium; simple hyperplasia refers to "stable" - irritative epithelium.

The Ljubliana classification of epithelial hyperplastic laryngeal lesions: a morphometric evaluation of nuclear pleomorphism

SERIO, Gabriella;GIARDINA, Carmela;RESTA, Leonardo
2002

Abstract

Epithelial hyperplastic laryngeal lesions (EHLL) are associated, with a varying degree of "epithelial risk"- to develop invasive carcinoma. Several classifications have been proposed but none has received a total agreement. The 1999 Ljubljana classification distinguished four grades: simple, abnormal and atypical hyperplasia and in situ carcinoma (ISC). The first two grades are considered benign lesions; the ISC is the malignant lesion, while the atypical hyperplasia is considered a "risky lesion". This is characterized by alterations of epithelial cells towards malignancy, but not to the extent to be found in carcinoma cells. Such characteristics refer to cytomorphological (e.g., nuclear hyperchromatism, nucleoli, increased nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio) and architectural (e.g. stratification, orientation, maturation) features. In the Ljubljana scheme, nuclear pleomorphism is one of the most important features. We wanted to improve the importance of nuclear pleomorphism in the basal cells layer in different classes of EHLL using morphometrical analysis. We studied 8 cases of simple hyperplasia, 10 of abnormal hyperplasia, 10 of atypical hyperplasia and 8 of ISC using the software SAM (Shape Analytical Morphometry). The results were submitted to univariate statistical analysis. Nuclear dimensions (maximum diameter, perimeter and area) showed a progressive increase from simple to atypical hyperplasias to ISC, while abnormal hyperplasia showed the lowest values. On the contrary, analytical parameters related to nuclear contour irregularities and asymmetries showed their highest values in abnormal hyperplasia nuclei. There were no significant differences between atypical hyperplasia and ISC, while it was possible to differentiate abnormal hyperplasia from the others. In conclusion basal nuclei of atypical hyperplasia and ISC are similar so that other cytological and morphological architectural parameters are necessary to distinguish the two lesions. Abnormal hyperplasia seems to be the biological category of 'proliferative " benign laryngeal epithelium; simple hyperplasia refers to "stable" - irritative epithelium.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/136326
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