The reactivity of carbonic acid diesters in the presence of the amidine base DBU (1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene) has been investigated for the first time. Organic carbonates can be activated by DBU through the formation of N-alkoxycarbonyl ketene aminal 2 as the ultimate product. The latter species may form through deprotonation of the corresponding N-alkoxycarbonyl-amidinium cation 1+ by the amidine base. We have for the first time isolated and characterized both in the solid state (X-ray crystal structure determination, IR) and in solution (NMR), a few 1+ chloride salts and studied their reactivity towards the organic base. The reactivity of both 1+ and 2 with methanol has also been explored. Ketene aminal 2 behaves as a “CO2R” carrier, as it can selectively transfer the alkoxycarbonyl group to the alcohol and regenerate the amidine base.
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|Titolo:||DBU-promoted nucleophilic activation of organic carbonates|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Citazione:||DBU-promoted nucleophilic activation of organic carbonates / Carafa M; Mesto E; Quaranta E. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1434-193X. - 13:13(2011), pp. 2458-2465.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|