Live attenuated vaccines provide the most consistent protective immunity in experi- mental models of lentivirus infections. In this study we tested the hypothesis that animals infected with a naturally attenuated small ruminant lentivirus field strain of genotype E may control a challenge infection with a virulent strain of the caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV-CO). Within genotype E, Roccaverano strain has been described as attenuated since decreased arthritic pathological indexes were recorded in Roccaverano-infected animals compared to animals of the same breed infected with genotype B strains. Moreover, under natural conditions, animals double-infected with genotypes B and E appear less prone to develop SRLV-related disease, leading to a putative protective role of Roccaverano strain. Here we present evidence that goats experimentally infected with the avirulent genotype E SRLV-Roccaverano strain control the proviral load of a pathogenic challenge virus (CAEV-CO strain) more efficiently than naı¨ve animals and appear to limit the spread of histological lesions to the contralateral joints.

Small ruminant lentivirus genotype B and E interaction: evidences on the role of Roccaverano strain on reducing proviral load of the challenging CAEV strain.

CAMERO, Michele;CAVALLI, Alessandra;TURSI, MARIANNA;
2013

Abstract

Live attenuated vaccines provide the most consistent protective immunity in experi- mental models of lentivirus infections. In this study we tested the hypothesis that animals infected with a naturally attenuated small ruminant lentivirus field strain of genotype E may control a challenge infection with a virulent strain of the caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV-CO). Within genotype E, Roccaverano strain has been described as attenuated since decreased arthritic pathological indexes were recorded in Roccaverano-infected animals compared to animals of the same breed infected with genotype B strains. Moreover, under natural conditions, animals double-infected with genotypes B and E appear less prone to develop SRLV-related disease, leading to a putative protective role of Roccaverano strain. Here we present evidence that goats experimentally infected with the avirulent genotype E SRLV-Roccaverano strain control the proviral load of a pathogenic challenge virus (CAEV-CO strain) more efficiently than naı¨ve animals and appear to limit the spread of histological lesions to the contralateral joints.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/134009
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