High titers of antibodies directed against gangliosides, especially GM1, are found in the serum of patients with a variety of polyneuropathies, including those of the inflammatory type. We assayed anti-GM1 IgG and IgM levels in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 23 patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and 10 with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) to investigate whether this immune response may also be localized within the intrathecal compartment and correlate with clinical parameters such as time interval since disease onset, disability score, preceding infectious episodes, and GM1 therapy. When compared to the control group, anti-GM1 IgG was increased in the serum of 39% of GBS and 10% of CIDP patients, whereas anti-GM1 IgM was elevated in 17% of GBS and none of the CIDP patients. In both patient groups, however, anti-GM1 antibody levels were more frequently elevated in CSF than paired sera: they belonged to the IgG class in 48% of GBS and 50% of CIDP patients, and to the IgM class in 48% of GBS and 55% of CIDP patients. In the GBS group, anti-GM1 IgM serum levels inversely correlated with time elapsed between sample collection and onset of disease (P < 0.05), whereas serum anti-GM1 IgG levels positively correlated with the loss of functional ability (P < 0.005). Increased anti-GM1 antibodies in GBS serum were not associated with clinical or serological evidence of infectious antecedents nor with previous GM1 treatment.(

Serum and CSF anti-GM1 antibodies in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

SIMONE, Isabella Laura;LIVREA, Paolo
1993

Abstract

High titers of antibodies directed against gangliosides, especially GM1, are found in the serum of patients with a variety of polyneuropathies, including those of the inflammatory type. We assayed anti-GM1 IgG and IgM levels in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 23 patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and 10 with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) to investigate whether this immune response may also be localized within the intrathecal compartment and correlate with clinical parameters such as time interval since disease onset, disability score, preceding infectious episodes, and GM1 therapy. When compared to the control group, anti-GM1 IgG was increased in the serum of 39% of GBS and 10% of CIDP patients, whereas anti-GM1 IgM was elevated in 17% of GBS and none of the CIDP patients. In both patient groups, however, anti-GM1 antibody levels were more frequently elevated in CSF than paired sera: they belonged to the IgG class in 48% of GBS and 50% of CIDP patients, and to the IgM class in 48% of GBS and 55% of CIDP patients. In the GBS group, anti-GM1 IgM serum levels inversely correlated with time elapsed between sample collection and onset of disease (P < 0.05), whereas serum anti-GM1 IgG levels positively correlated with the loss of functional ability (P < 0.005). Increased anti-GM1 antibodies in GBS serum were not associated with clinical or serological evidence of infectious antecedents nor with previous GM1 treatment.(
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/133441
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 9
  • Scopus 79
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 75
social impact