BACKGROUND: This study investigated whether modifications of placental expression of endothelin-1 (ET-1), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and tissue factor (TF) are associated with abnormal Doppler waveforms. METHODS: Fourteen pre-term severe preeclamptic (PE) women with fetal growth restriction (FGR) and 14 normal preg nant women underwent serial Doppler examination of the uterine and umbilical arteries (UA). Placental ET-1 and T expression was evaluated by in situ hybridization, NOS by NADPH-diaforase staining and in situ hybridization Doppler evaluation was extended to 11 female kidney transplant recipients (Tx), without FGR and/or PE, in wh we previously demonstrated a strong modification of placental ET-1/NOS vasoactive balance. RESULTS: PE women showed a marked reduction of endothelial constitutive NOS (ecNOS) expression in the syncy tiotrophoblast layer of all villi, whereas ET-1 expression was unchanged. All cases showed abnormal uterine artery blood flow velocimetry, 13 out of 14 PE women showed abnormal UA Doppler waveforms. In contrast, all Tx women showed normal UA blood velocimetry, all but one woman displayed a normal uterine artery waveform pattern. The Doppler velocimetry abnormalities were significantly associated with only TF expression, which was markedly increased, exclusively, in the endothelial cells within the basal decidua of PE women. CONCLUSIONS: The modification of ET-1/NOS vasoactive balance, per se, did not lead to Doppler impedance modifica tions in the UA and uterine arteries, observed in pre-term PE women with FGR. Instead, Doppler velocimetry modi fications appeared to correlate with endothelial cell activation, as revealed by increased TF expression.

Increased placental expression of tissue factor is associated with abnormal uterine and umbilical Doppler waveforms in severe preeclampsia with fetal growth restriction / DI PAOLO S; VOLPE P; GRANDALIANO G; STALLONE G; SCHENA A; GRECO P; RESTA L; SELVAGGI L; CINCIONE R; SCHENA FP; GESUALDO L. - In: JN. JOURNAL OF NEPHROLOGY. - ISSN 1121-8428. - 16(2003), pp. 650-657.

Increased placental expression of tissue factor is associated with abnormal uterine and umbilical Doppler waveforms in severe preeclampsia with fetal growth restriction

RESTA, Leonardo;GESUALDO, Loreto
2003

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study investigated whether modifications of placental expression of endothelin-1 (ET-1), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and tissue factor (TF) are associated with abnormal Doppler waveforms. METHODS: Fourteen pre-term severe preeclamptic (PE) women with fetal growth restriction (FGR) and 14 normal preg nant women underwent serial Doppler examination of the uterine and umbilical arteries (UA). Placental ET-1 and T expression was evaluated by in situ hybridization, NOS by NADPH-diaforase staining and in situ hybridization Doppler evaluation was extended to 11 female kidney transplant recipients (Tx), without FGR and/or PE, in wh we previously demonstrated a strong modification of placental ET-1/NOS vasoactive balance. RESULTS: PE women showed a marked reduction of endothelial constitutive NOS (ecNOS) expression in the syncy tiotrophoblast layer of all villi, whereas ET-1 expression was unchanged. All cases showed abnormal uterine artery blood flow velocimetry, 13 out of 14 PE women showed abnormal UA Doppler waveforms. In contrast, all Tx women showed normal UA blood velocimetry, all but one woman displayed a normal uterine artery waveform pattern. The Doppler velocimetry abnormalities were significantly associated with only TF expression, which was markedly increased, exclusively, in the endothelial cells within the basal decidua of PE women. CONCLUSIONS: The modification of ET-1/NOS vasoactive balance, per se, did not lead to Doppler impedance modifica tions in the UA and uterine arteries, observed in pre-term PE women with FGR. Instead, Doppler velocimetry modi fications appeared to correlate with endothelial cell activation, as revealed by increased TF expression.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/133439
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 7
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact