This report presents clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging findings in a 7-year-old male with Sydenham's chorea associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Western immunoblotting revealed serum anti-human basal ganglia tissue antibodies. Magnetic resonance imaging results were normal. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging disclosed increased choline/creatine ratio in basal ganglia, frontal, and parieto-occipital areas, and decreased N-acetyl aspartate/creatine ratio in both basal ganglia and frontal areas. Moreover magnetic resonance spectroscopy revealed a peak between 3.6-4.2 ppm of unclear significance. The findings of this study are compared with the previous magnetic resonance spectroscopic studies reported on Sydenham's chorea and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Magnetic spectroscopic imaging suggests an autoimmune basal ganglia damage in the pathogenesis of Sydenham's chorea and fronto-striatal impairment in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. In the present case, the previous history of an attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder suggests that this neurobehavioral disorder could be a risk factor for Sydenham's chorea in children with rheumatic fever.

Brain magnetic resonance spectroscopy in Sydenham's chorea and ADHD

MARGARI, Lucia;DICUONZO, Franca
2006

Abstract

This report presents clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging findings in a 7-year-old male with Sydenham's chorea associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Western immunoblotting revealed serum anti-human basal ganglia tissue antibodies. Magnetic resonance imaging results were normal. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging disclosed increased choline/creatine ratio in basal ganglia, frontal, and parieto-occipital areas, and decreased N-acetyl aspartate/creatine ratio in both basal ganglia and frontal areas. Moreover magnetic resonance spectroscopy revealed a peak between 3.6-4.2 ppm of unclear significance. The findings of this study are compared with the previous magnetic resonance spectroscopic studies reported on Sydenham's chorea and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Magnetic spectroscopic imaging suggests an autoimmune basal ganglia damage in the pathogenesis of Sydenham's chorea and fronto-striatal impairment in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. In the present case, the previous history of an attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder suggests that this neurobehavioral disorder could be a risk factor for Sydenham's chorea in children with rheumatic fever.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/133268
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