Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction is a pathologic syndrome, without considering etiology, physiopathology, or anatomic aspects of the condition. The clinical manifestations of the syndrome may be a consequence of an "organic stenosis" of the tract or a consequence of "abnormal motility" of the sphincter. Until some years ago, the gold standard technique for studying and treating this pathologic condition was endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Two criteria for defining patients in the Milwaukee classification are related to this procedure. The Milwaukee classification was introduced to use clinical and radiologic criteria to define patients with Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction to choose the best treatment. Subsequently, great emphasis has been placed on manometry of the sphincter performed by endoscopic cannulation. The enormous increase of cholecystectomies by means of laparoscopic technique has increased the number of patients who return to their reference-surgeon with a post-cholecystectomy pain and possible Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. The aim of this paper is to review the literature and to evaluate an up-to-date flow chart for diagnosing and treating the syndrome by using alternative diagnostic procedures that are less invasive than endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.

Diagnosing and treating sphincter of oddi dysfunction: a critical literature review and re-evaluation

PICCINNI, Giuseppe;TESTINI, Mario;
2004

Abstract

Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction is a pathologic syndrome, without considering etiology, physiopathology, or anatomic aspects of the condition. The clinical manifestations of the syndrome may be a consequence of an "organic stenosis" of the tract or a consequence of "abnormal motility" of the sphincter. Until some years ago, the gold standard technique for studying and treating this pathologic condition was endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Two criteria for defining patients in the Milwaukee classification are related to this procedure. The Milwaukee classification was introduced to use clinical and radiologic criteria to define patients with Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction to choose the best treatment. Subsequently, great emphasis has been placed on manometry of the sphincter performed by endoscopic cannulation. The enormous increase of cholecystectomies by means of laparoscopic technique has increased the number of patients who return to their reference-surgeon with a post-cholecystectomy pain and possible Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. The aim of this paper is to review the literature and to evaluate an up-to-date flow chart for diagnosing and treating the syndrome by using alternative diagnostic procedures that are less invasive than endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/132751
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 26
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 21
social impact