STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic and operative potential of hysteroscopy in postmenopausal patients selected by ultrasound criteria. DESIGN: Cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Outpatient ultrasound and hysteroscopy department of a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred fifty-five postmenopausal women with endometrial thickness of 4 mm or more by ultrasound, in menopause for at least 1 year, with or without menopausal complaints. INTERVENTIONS: Transvaginal ultrasound and office hysteroscopy with eye-directed biopsy specimens using a 5-mm, continuous-flow, operative hysteroscope. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of the 155 women, 129 (83%) were asymptomatic (irregular bleeding). Hysteroscopy showed endometrial pathology in 28% of asymptomatic patients (23 polyps, 5 cases of hyperplasia, 8 submucous myomata) and 76% of symptomatic women (13 polyps, 6 hyperplasia, 1 submucous myoma). Hysteroscopic results compared with histologic diagnosis showed a positive predictive value equal to 97. 1% and 95% in asymptomatic and symptomatic women, respectively, and a negative predictive value equal to 100% in both groups. CONCLUSION: Office hysteroscopy with endometrial biopsy samples has a diagnostic and operative role in postmenopausal patients selected based on endometrial thickness on ultrasound, in view of the high prevalence of endometrial pathology in both symptomatic and asymptomatic women.

Hysteroscopic evaluation of menopausal women with endometrial thickness of 4 mm or more

LOIZZI, VERA;BETTOCCHI, Stefano;VIMERCATI, antonella;CECI, Oronzo Ruggiero;
2000

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic and operative potential of hysteroscopy in postmenopausal patients selected by ultrasound criteria. DESIGN: Cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Outpatient ultrasound and hysteroscopy department of a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred fifty-five postmenopausal women with endometrial thickness of 4 mm or more by ultrasound, in menopause for at least 1 year, with or without menopausal complaints. INTERVENTIONS: Transvaginal ultrasound and office hysteroscopy with eye-directed biopsy specimens using a 5-mm, continuous-flow, operative hysteroscope. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Of the 155 women, 129 (83%) were asymptomatic (irregular bleeding). Hysteroscopy showed endometrial pathology in 28% of asymptomatic patients (23 polyps, 5 cases of hyperplasia, 8 submucous myomata) and 76% of symptomatic women (13 polyps, 6 hyperplasia, 1 submucous myoma). Hysteroscopic results compared with histologic diagnosis showed a positive predictive value equal to 97. 1% and 95% in asymptomatic and symptomatic women, respectively, and a negative predictive value equal to 100% in both groups. CONCLUSION: Office hysteroscopy with endometrial biopsy samples has a diagnostic and operative role in postmenopausal patients selected based on endometrial thickness on ultrasound, in view of the high prevalence of endometrial pathology in both symptomatic and asymptomatic women.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/132476
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