Fetal midgut volvulus is a quite rare disease. Here, we report a case of a preterm newborn with fetal peritonitis, jejunal atresia with volvulus of post-atresic small bowel since about 30 cm from ileo-cecal valve (ICV) followed by a not-used microileus and microcolon. The surgical intervention consisted in the resection of volvulated necrotic small bowel followed by primary anastomosis. After surgery, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) has been started since 16th of post-operative days when enteral feeding (EN) was administered with a lactose-free formula containing hydrolyzed protein and medium-chain triglycerides (Pregestimil). Re-establishing intestinal continuity was preferred rather than stoma that would have required TPN. In fact, re-operation could have led to a shorter residual small bowel (RSB), since the anastomosis was at 15 cm from ICV. Our study provides evidence that not only the type of procedure (enteral versus parenteral) of nutritional support, but also the type of milk may modify the outcome. Early EN should be encouraged in newborn abdominal surgical patients because it is associated with reduced complications.

A case of fetal midgut volvulus and jejunal atresia: nutritional support and maintenance of mucosal function and integrity

BALDASSARRE, Maria Elisabetta;DI LEO, Alfredo;SCHETTINI, Federico;LAFORGIA, Nicola
2008

Abstract

Fetal midgut volvulus is a quite rare disease. Here, we report a case of a preterm newborn with fetal peritonitis, jejunal atresia with volvulus of post-atresic small bowel since about 30 cm from ileo-cecal valve (ICV) followed by a not-used microileus and microcolon. The surgical intervention consisted in the resection of volvulated necrotic small bowel followed by primary anastomosis. After surgery, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) has been started since 16th of post-operative days when enteral feeding (EN) was administered with a lactose-free formula containing hydrolyzed protein and medium-chain triglycerides (Pregestimil). Re-establishing intestinal continuity was preferred rather than stoma that would have required TPN. In fact, re-operation could have led to a shorter residual small bowel (RSB), since the anastomosis was at 15 cm from ICV. Our study provides evidence that not only the type of procedure (enteral versus parenteral) of nutritional support, but also the type of milk may modify the outcome. Early EN should be encouraged in newborn abdominal surgical patients because it is associated with reduced complications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/132370
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