F3/Contactin is a neuronal surface glycoprotein, which plays a general role in neural development and, in particular, in neuronal and oligodendrocyte differentiation and in myelination. In previous studies using the F3/EGFP transgenic mice, which express an EGFP reporter under control of the regulatory region from the mouse F3/Contactin gene, the activation of the F3/Contactin promoter was found to correlate with granule and Purkinje neuron differentiation in developing cerebellar cortex. In this study we report that in developing cerebral cortex and basal ganglia the F3/Contactin gene is mostly activated during early commitment of neuronal precursors, thus indicating a region-specific profile of its developmental activation at the cellular level. We also report that, in the same structures of F3/EGFP mice, a downregulation of the endogenous F3/Contactin gene occurs, which correlates with upregulation of the dopaminergic phenotype and with locomotor pattern abnormalities. Therefore, F3/EGFP transgenic mice exhibit morphological and functional phenotypes recapitulating those arising from imbalance of the striatal dopaminergic pathway. As for the underlying mechanisms, we postulate that in F3/EGFP mice F3/Contactin downregulation results from the ability of transgene promoter sequences to interfere with the activation of the endogenous gene, thus realizing an F3/Contactin knockdown model, while dopaminergic upregulation is consistent with the general F3/Contactin inhibitory effects on the neuronal phenotype.

Significance of F3/Contactin gene expression in cerebral cortex and nigrostriatal development

BIZZOCA, ANTONELLA;CORSI, Patrizia;CARRATU', Maria Rosaria;GENNARINI, Gianfranco
2012

Abstract

F3/Contactin is a neuronal surface glycoprotein, which plays a general role in neural development and, in particular, in neuronal and oligodendrocyte differentiation and in myelination. In previous studies using the F3/EGFP transgenic mice, which express an EGFP reporter under control of the regulatory region from the mouse F3/Contactin gene, the activation of the F3/Contactin promoter was found to correlate with granule and Purkinje neuron differentiation in developing cerebellar cortex. In this study we report that in developing cerebral cortex and basal ganglia the F3/Contactin gene is mostly activated during early commitment of neuronal precursors, thus indicating a region-specific profile of its developmental activation at the cellular level. We also report that, in the same structures of F3/EGFP mice, a downregulation of the endogenous F3/Contactin gene occurs, which correlates with upregulation of the dopaminergic phenotype and with locomotor pattern abnormalities. Therefore, F3/EGFP transgenic mice exhibit morphological and functional phenotypes recapitulating those arising from imbalance of the striatal dopaminergic pathway. As for the underlying mechanisms, we postulate that in F3/EGFP mice F3/Contactin downregulation results from the ability of transgene promoter sequences to interfere with the activation of the endogenous gene, thus realizing an F3/Contactin knockdown model, while dopaminergic upregulation is consistent with the general F3/Contactin inhibitory effects on the neuronal phenotype.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/132344
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