The behavior of a displacement optical sensor based on the Laser-Self-Mixing effect employing a plane mirror (PT) and a solid corner-cube (CC) as moving target is analyzed. The performance of the sensor is compared in terms of simplification of the optical setup, measurement accuracy and tolerance to angular misalignment of the target. On the basis of the innovative assumption that only the fraction of the laser beam orthogonal to the target plane gives rise to the Self – Mixing modulation, it is demonstrated that the interferometer tolerates small tilt of the plane target (up to approximately 0.7◦) only when illuminated by a divergent beam, in which case the displacement measurement becomes affected by a cosine – type error. Instead the corner cube preserves the self-mixing signal over a larger angular range (up to approximately 2◦) at the same time preserving high measurement accuracy.

Comparison of plane mirror vs retroreflector performance for laser-self-mixing displacement sensors

DABBICCO, Maurizio;SCAMARCIO, Gaetano
2009

Abstract

The behavior of a displacement optical sensor based on the Laser-Self-Mixing effect employing a plane mirror (PT) and a solid corner-cube (CC) as moving target is analyzed. The performance of the sensor is compared in terms of simplification of the optical setup, measurement accuracy and tolerance to angular misalignment of the target. On the basis of the innovative assumption that only the fraction of the laser beam orthogonal to the target plane gives rise to the Self – Mixing modulation, it is demonstrated that the interferometer tolerates small tilt of the plane target (up to approximately 0.7◦) only when illuminated by a divergent beam, in which case the displacement measurement becomes affected by a cosine – type error. Instead the corner cube preserves the self-mixing signal over a larger angular range (up to approximately 2◦) at the same time preserving high measurement accuracy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/132321
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