The present study reports the results of a morpho-functional analysis of spleen pigmented cells from Rana esculenta L. and comparison with liver melanin-synthesizing cells, belonging to the macrophage cell lineage. Cytological and cytochemical analyses show that parenchymal pigmented cells of the spleen, like those of the liver, are positive to peroxidase and lipase reactions and have phagocytic properties. The observation of premelanosomes in various stages of differentiation, together with the demonstration of dopa oxidase activity in the melanosome proteins, indicate that spleen pigmented macrophages have endogenous melanogenic ability as do liver pigmented macrophages. Attempts to demonstrate tyrosine-hydroxylase activity in melanosome protein extracts from frog spleen and liver, using the same protocol as for mammalian tyrosinases, gave negative results. As regards the dopa oxidase activity revealed, some of its properties differ from the typical behaviour observed for tyrosinases from different sources. Peroxidase activity is shown in spleen and liver melanosome proteins with p-phenylenediamine-pyrocatechol (PPD-PC), and not with typical peroxidase substrates. Suitable inhibition tests revealed that dopa oxidase and peroxidase activities might be supported by two different proteins. Liver melanosome extracts display a very strong laccase (dimethoxyphenoloxidase) activity but spleen extracts do not. Differences observed in the enzymatic properties of the spleen and liver melanosomes suggest that pigmented macrophages may undergo tissue-specific differentiation. These preliminary data show that the melanin pathway of pigmented macrophages is different from that of melanocytes and may pave the way to identification of a new melanogenic pathway in vertebrates. Peroxidase activity is shown in spleen and liver melanosome proteins with p-phenylenediamine-pyrocatecyol (PPD-PC), and not with typical peroxidase substrates. Suitable inhibition tests revealed that dopa oxidase and peroxidase activities might be supported by two different proteins. Liver melanosome extracts display a very strong laccase (dimethoxyphenoloxidase) activity but spleen extracts do not. Differences observed in the enzymatic properties of the spleen and liver melanosomes suggest that pigmented macrophages may undergo tissue-specific differentiation. These preliminary data show that the melanin pathway of pigmented macrophages is different from that of melanocytes and may pave the way to identification of a new melanogenic pathway in vertebrates.

Spleen and liver pigmented macrophages of Rana esculenta L.A new melanogenic system?

GALLONE, Anna;GUIDA, Gabriella;MAIDA, Immacolata;
2002

Abstract

The present study reports the results of a morpho-functional analysis of spleen pigmented cells from Rana esculenta L. and comparison with liver melanin-synthesizing cells, belonging to the macrophage cell lineage. Cytological and cytochemical analyses show that parenchymal pigmented cells of the spleen, like those of the liver, are positive to peroxidase and lipase reactions and have phagocytic properties. The observation of premelanosomes in various stages of differentiation, together with the demonstration of dopa oxidase activity in the melanosome proteins, indicate that spleen pigmented macrophages have endogenous melanogenic ability as do liver pigmented macrophages. Attempts to demonstrate tyrosine-hydroxylase activity in melanosome protein extracts from frog spleen and liver, using the same protocol as for mammalian tyrosinases, gave negative results. As regards the dopa oxidase activity revealed, some of its properties differ from the typical behaviour observed for tyrosinases from different sources. Peroxidase activity is shown in spleen and liver melanosome proteins with p-phenylenediamine-pyrocatechol (PPD-PC), and not with typical peroxidase substrates. Suitable inhibition tests revealed that dopa oxidase and peroxidase activities might be supported by two different proteins. Liver melanosome extracts display a very strong laccase (dimethoxyphenoloxidase) activity but spleen extracts do not. Differences observed in the enzymatic properties of the spleen and liver melanosomes suggest that pigmented macrophages may undergo tissue-specific differentiation. These preliminary data show that the melanin pathway of pigmented macrophages is different from that of melanocytes and may pave the way to identification of a new melanogenic pathway in vertebrates. Peroxidase activity is shown in spleen and liver melanosome proteins with p-phenylenediamine-pyrocatecyol (PPD-PC), and not with typical peroxidase substrates. Suitable inhibition tests revealed that dopa oxidase and peroxidase activities might be supported by two different proteins. Liver melanosome extracts display a very strong laccase (dimethoxyphenoloxidase) activity but spleen extracts do not. Differences observed in the enzymatic properties of the spleen and liver melanosomes suggest that pigmented macrophages may undergo tissue-specific differentiation. These preliminary data show that the melanin pathway of pigmented macrophages is different from that of melanocytes and may pave the way to identification of a new melanogenic pathway in vertebrates.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/132161
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