In the present study we have examined the effect of a single dose of the mitogen lead nitrate (0,075 mmol/kg body wt) on the methylation status of hepatic DNA in male Wistar rats. It was found that extensive hypomethylation of hepatic DNA occurs in mitogen-treated rat liver. This effect could be seen as early as 12 h after metal treatment and parallels the changes in liver weight. Probing with the methylation-sensitive enzymes HpaII, MspI, and HaeIII confirmed HPLC analyses and showed that methylation at these sites was affected by lead treatment. DNA hypomethylation has already been found in regenerating rat liver and in hepatic (pre)malignant lesions when compared to normal nondividing liver. Thus the lowering of the DNA 5-methylcytosine content appears to be a property characteristic of cellular proliferation, regardless of whether it is caused by partial hepatectomy, carcinogen treatments, or mitogen administration.

Transitory DNA hypomethylation during liver cell proliferation induced by a single dose of lead nitrate

KANDUC, Darja;ROSSIELLO, MARIA ROSARIA;ARESTA, Antonella Maria;
1991

Abstract

In the present study we have examined the effect of a single dose of the mitogen lead nitrate (0,075 mmol/kg body wt) on the methylation status of hepatic DNA in male Wistar rats. It was found that extensive hypomethylation of hepatic DNA occurs in mitogen-treated rat liver. This effect could be seen as early as 12 h after metal treatment and parallels the changes in liver weight. Probing with the methylation-sensitive enzymes HpaII, MspI, and HaeIII confirmed HPLC analyses and showed that methylation at these sites was affected by lead treatment. DNA hypomethylation has already been found in regenerating rat liver and in hepatic (pre)malignant lesions when compared to normal nondividing liver. Thus the lowering of the DNA 5-methylcytosine content appears to be a property characteristic of cellular proliferation, regardless of whether it is caused by partial hepatectomy, carcinogen treatments, or mitogen administration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/132103
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