The essential cofactors coenzyme A (CoA), FAD and NAD+ are synthesized outside the peroxisomes and therefore must be transported into the peroxisomal matrix where they are required for important processes. In this work we have functionally identified and characterized SLC25A17, which is the only member of the mitochondrial carrier family that has previously been shown to be localized in the peroxisomal membrane. Herein, recombinant and purified SLC25A17 was reconstituted into liposomes. Its transport properties and kinetic parameters demonstrate that SLC25A17 is a transporter of CoA, FAD, FMN, AMP and to a lesser extent of NAD+, adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate (PAP) and ADP. SLC25A17 functioned almost exclusively by a counter-exchange mechanism, was saturable and inhibited by pyridoxal-5'-phosphate and other mitochondrial carrier inhibitors. It was expressed to various degrees in all the human tissues examined. Its main function is probably to transport free CoA, FAD and NAD+ into peroxisomes in exchange for intraperoxisomally generated PAP, FMN and AMP. This is the first report describing the identification and characterization of a transporter for multiple free cofactors in peroxisomes.

THE HUMAN GENE SLC25A17 ENCODES A PEROXISOMAL TRANSPORTER OF COENZYME A, FAD AND NAD+.

AGRIMI, GENNARO;SCARCIA, PASQUALE;
2012-01-01

Abstract

The essential cofactors coenzyme A (CoA), FAD and NAD+ are synthesized outside the peroxisomes and therefore must be transported into the peroxisomal matrix where they are required for important processes. In this work we have functionally identified and characterized SLC25A17, which is the only member of the mitochondrial carrier family that has previously been shown to be localized in the peroxisomal membrane. Herein, recombinant and purified SLC25A17 was reconstituted into liposomes. Its transport properties and kinetic parameters demonstrate that SLC25A17 is a transporter of CoA, FAD, FMN, AMP and to a lesser extent of NAD+, adenosine 3',5'-diphosphate (PAP) and ADP. SLC25A17 functioned almost exclusively by a counter-exchange mechanism, was saturable and inhibited by pyridoxal-5'-phosphate and other mitochondrial carrier inhibitors. It was expressed to various degrees in all the human tissues examined. Its main function is probably to transport free CoA, FAD and NAD+ into peroxisomes in exchange for intraperoxisomally generated PAP, FMN and AMP. This is the first report describing the identification and characterization of a transporter for multiple free cofactors in peroxisomes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/129584
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