Background. Increasing evidence demonstrates a phenotypic plasticity of endothelial cells (ECs). Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) contributes to the development of tissue fibrosis. However, the pathogenic factors and signalling pathways regulating this process in ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury are still poorly understood. Methods. We investigated the possible role of complement in the induction of this endothelial dysfunction in a swine model of renal I/R injury by using recombinant C1 inhibitor in vivo. Results. Here, we showed that I/R injury reduced the density of renal peritubular capillaries and induced tissue fibrosis with generation of CD31+/α-SMA+ and CD31+/FPS-1+ cells indicating EndMT. When we inhibited complement, the process of EndMT became rare, with preserved density of peritubular capillaries and significant reduction in renal fibrosis. When we activated ECs by anaphylatoxins in vitro, C3a and C5a led to altered endothelial phenotype with increased expression of fibroblast markers and decrease expression of specific endothelial markers. The activation of Akt pathway was pivotal for the C3a and C5a-induced EndMT in vitro. In accordance, inhibition of complement in vivo led to the abrogation of Akt signalling, with hampered EndMT and tissue fibrosis.

Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition and renal fibrosis in ischaemia/reperfusion injury are mediated by complement anaphylatoxins and Akt pathway

CASTELLANO, GIUSEPPE;SIMONE, SIMONA;Cariello M;LUCARELLI, GIUSEPPE;DITONNO, Pasquale;BATTAGLIA, Michele;CROVACE, Antonio;STAFFIERI, FRANCESCO;GESUALDO, Loreto;STASI, Alessandra
2014

Abstract

Background. Increasing evidence demonstrates a phenotypic plasticity of endothelial cells (ECs). Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) contributes to the development of tissue fibrosis. However, the pathogenic factors and signalling pathways regulating this process in ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury are still poorly understood. Methods. We investigated the possible role of complement in the induction of this endothelial dysfunction in a swine model of renal I/R injury by using recombinant C1 inhibitor in vivo. Results. Here, we showed that I/R injury reduced the density of renal peritubular capillaries and induced tissue fibrosis with generation of CD31+/α-SMA+ and CD31+/FPS-1+ cells indicating EndMT. When we inhibited complement, the process of EndMT became rare, with preserved density of peritubular capillaries and significant reduction in renal fibrosis. When we activated ECs by anaphylatoxins in vitro, C3a and C5a led to altered endothelial phenotype with increased expression of fibroblast markers and decrease expression of specific endothelial markers. The activation of Akt pathway was pivotal for the C3a and C5a-induced EndMT in vitro. In accordance, inhibition of complement in vivo led to the abrogation of Akt signalling, with hampered EndMT and tissue fibrosis.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/127039
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 80
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 76
social impact