In this study the authors examined the sequences of the ribosomal 18S rRNA of Drosophila and man and 16 mRNA sequences coding for different members of the family of the mammalian formyl peptide receptors (FPRs). The positions in the sequences of all >or=7-base oligonucleotide identities occurring in at least one of the 18S rRNAs and one of the FPR mRNAs were recorded. On the basis of the positional data, the Drosophila 18S-FPR and human 18S-FPR distances (in nucleotides) were determined for each identity. Then the actual frequency distribution of the distances (grouped into 200-unit classes) was derived. The theoretical frequency distribution of distances was also calculated under the assumption of non-relatedness between the 18S and FPR sequences. Comparison between the theoretical and the actual distributions showed that at class -500 (range from - 400 to - 600) of the 18S-FPR values the actual frequency was significantly (p < 0.01) higher than the theoretical frequency, in both Drosophila and man, suggesting that the second section of the FPR genes (approximately from nucleotide 400 to the end of sequence) may be structurally related to the first section of the ribosomal 18S genes (approximately nucelotides 1-650). The authors advance the hypothesis that the two families of genes may have used common ancestral raw genetic materials in the building of the extant sequences.

Structural relatedness between the 18S rRNA genes and the formyl peptide receptor genes: new insights into the phylogenesis of immune receptors

PANARO, Maria Antonietta;SACCIA, Matteo;CIANCIULLI, ANTONIA;
2008

Abstract

In this study the authors examined the sequences of the ribosomal 18S rRNA of Drosophila and man and 16 mRNA sequences coding for different members of the family of the mammalian formyl peptide receptors (FPRs). The positions in the sequences of all >or=7-base oligonucleotide identities occurring in at least one of the 18S rRNAs and one of the FPR mRNAs were recorded. On the basis of the positional data, the Drosophila 18S-FPR and human 18S-FPR distances (in nucleotides) were determined for each identity. Then the actual frequency distribution of the distances (grouped into 200-unit classes) was derived. The theoretical frequency distribution of distances was also calculated under the assumption of non-relatedness between the 18S and FPR sequences. Comparison between the theoretical and the actual distributions showed that at class -500 (range from - 400 to - 600) of the 18S-FPR values the actual frequency was significantly (p < 0.01) higher than the theoretical frequency, in both Drosophila and man, suggesting that the second section of the FPR genes (approximately from nucleotide 400 to the end of sequence) may be structurally related to the first section of the ribosomal 18S genes (approximately nucelotides 1-650). The authors advance the hypothesis that the two families of genes may have used common ancestral raw genetic materials in the building of the extant sequences.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/126073
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