Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine if a survival advantage may exist from neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by radical surgery in early invasive (Stage IBI and IIA) cervical carcinoma. Methods: Using information from studies published on the topic of NACT in cervical carcinoma along with baseline control rates of standard treatment and patterns of failure, an estimate of how many patients with early invasive cervical cancer would benefit from this procedure was calculated. Results: NACT followed by tailored radical surgery could result in a significant decrease (about 40%) in recurrence rate (13 vs 22%) and ultimately in survival compared to conventional treatment in early invasive cervical cancer. Moreover the introduction of NACT in all patients should result in a 75% decrease of adjuvant radiotherapy (10 vs 40%), and probably in a decrease in Surgical and radiation related complications. Conclusion: A fraction of patients with early invasive cervical cancer (high-risk Stage IB-IIA cervical cancer) Could benefit from NACT followed by tailored radical surgery. A randomized controlled trial to test this research question is very difficult due to the large Population required. A subset population is identified which may benefit from NACT.

Is there a role for neoadjuvant chemotherapy in early invasive cervical carcinoma?

CORMIO, Gennaro;LOIZZI, VERA;CARRIERO, Carmine;
2009

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine if a survival advantage may exist from neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) followed by radical surgery in early invasive (Stage IBI and IIA) cervical carcinoma. Methods: Using information from studies published on the topic of NACT in cervical carcinoma along with baseline control rates of standard treatment and patterns of failure, an estimate of how many patients with early invasive cervical cancer would benefit from this procedure was calculated. Results: NACT followed by tailored radical surgery could result in a significant decrease (about 40%) in recurrence rate (13 vs 22%) and ultimately in survival compared to conventional treatment in early invasive cervical cancer. Moreover the introduction of NACT in all patients should result in a 75% decrease of adjuvant radiotherapy (10 vs 40%), and probably in a decrease in Surgical and radiation related complications. Conclusion: A fraction of patients with early invasive cervical cancer (high-risk Stage IB-IIA cervical cancer) Could benefit from NACT followed by tailored radical surgery. A randomized controlled trial to test this research question is very difficult due to the large Population required. A subset population is identified which may benefit from NACT.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/125878
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