Spinal cord compression by epidural metastasis is considered an exceptional complication in patients with cervical carcinoma. We report three patients treated for a cervical carcinoma who developed epidural metastasis with spinal cord compression at 9, 25 and 48 months after primary treatment of the uterine malignancy. All patients had poorly-differentiated adenocarcinomas with lymphovascular space invasion, and two had lymph node metastasis. All patients underwent emergency decompressive laminectomy followed by radiotherapy and a partial recovery of the neurological function was achieved. In two patients the spinal cord was the only site of recurrent disease, whereas the other had lung and brain metastasis at the time of epidural involvement diagnosis. All three patients, however, died of disseminated disease. Surgical decompression followed by radiation therapy may result in a complete preservation of the neurologic functions in patients with spinal cord compression secondary to metastatic carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Considering the propensity for disseminated disease, long term survival might be achieved only with the use of effective chemotherapy. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Surgical decompression and radiation therapy in epidural metastasis from cervical cancer

CORMIO, Gennaro;DE TOMMASI, Antonio;LOVERRO, Giuseppe;
2000

Abstract

Spinal cord compression by epidural metastasis is considered an exceptional complication in patients with cervical carcinoma. We report three patients treated for a cervical carcinoma who developed epidural metastasis with spinal cord compression at 9, 25 and 48 months after primary treatment of the uterine malignancy. All patients had poorly-differentiated adenocarcinomas with lymphovascular space invasion, and two had lymph node metastasis. All patients underwent emergency decompressive laminectomy followed by radiotherapy and a partial recovery of the neurological function was achieved. In two patients the spinal cord was the only site of recurrent disease, whereas the other had lung and brain metastasis at the time of epidural involvement diagnosis. All three patients, however, died of disseminated disease. Surgical decompression followed by radiation therapy may result in a complete preservation of the neurologic functions in patients with spinal cord compression secondary to metastatic carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Considering the propensity for disseminated disease, long term survival might be achieved only with the use of effective chemotherapy. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/124866
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