The lectin binding pattern of both Schwann cells and macrophages has been studied during axonal degeneration induced in the rat sciatic nerve by chronic administration of 2,5-hexanedione (0.8 ml/kg per day i.p. for 20 days). In particular, the present study aimed to establish a possible relationship between macrophage activation and expression of lectin binding sites. To identify and distinguish between Schwann cells and macrophages, electron microscopy was combined with the lectin staining method. On 2,5-hexanedione injury, a drastic disorganization of both axon and myelin sheath occurred and nerve fibers were replaced by a chain of ovoids. Besides the well-established concept that Schwann cells and macrophages cooperate in the removal of the myelin debris during axonal degeneration, evidence is presented that expression of binding sites to lectins is closely related to macrophage activation. Monocytes occasionally present in control nerves were labelled only by Con A and sialidase-peanut sequence; in 2,5-hexanedione degeneration monocytes, prephagocytes (macrophages with minute bubbles) and phagocytes (macrophages with large bubbles) were labelled also by peanut, wheat germ and BSA I-B4; moreover, phagocytes were labelled by soybean as well, thus showing a clearly differentiation-dependent binding pattern. Since changes in lectin binding pattern may reflect changes in complex carbohydrate structures, the results show that the expression of certain glycoproteins may be closely related to activation of macrophages in response to toxic injuries.
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|Titolo:||Lectin binding pattern of Schwann cells and macrophages in 2,5-hexanedione-induced axonal degeneration in rats|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|