Characterization of the canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) is sometimes ambiguous, frequently requiring more than one technique for definitive prediction of the viral type. Taking into account the single-nucleotide polymorphisms encountered in the VP2-protein gene between types 2a and 2b and between type 2b and Glu-426 mutant (type 2c), two different minor groove binder (MGB) probe assays were developed for rapid identification of the CPV-2 variants. A total of 315 samples collected from dogs with diarrhoea were screened for CPV-2 by a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay capable of detecting all CPV-2 types. In order to compare the type-specific assays with the traditional techniques [haemagglutination inhibition with monoclonal antibodies, PCR-restriction fragment-length polymorphism (RFLP), sequence analysis] for prediction of CPV-2 antigen specificity, the 203 samples tested CPV-2 positive were analysed using the different methods. The results showed a 100% concordance between the MGB probe assays and the combined conventional methods, with 116 samples characterized as type 2a, 32 as type 2b and 55 as type 2c. Therefore, the MGB probe assays represent a quick, reliable tool for prediction of CPV-2 antigen specificity, with regard to the more time-consuming assays currently used.
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|Titolo:||New approaches for the molecular characterization of canine parvovirus type 2 strains|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|