Two cases of therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia showed complex karyotypes, including a small ring and a larger D-chromosome. Multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization and bacterial artificial chromosome and fosmid clones showed that both ring chromosomes were composed entirely of material excised from chromosome 12. The deleted segment of 12 was found fused to the short arm of a D-group chromosome. We hypothesized that similar mechanisms were involved in both rearrangements. A fusion at the short arms of chromosome 12 and a D-group chromosome was accompanied by excision and ligation of the chromosome 12 pericentromeric region to form a small ring chromosome.
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