Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME) caused by Ehrlichia canis is the most known canine tick-borne disease (TBD) spread throughout the world. Preventing tick bites is a priority to reduce the risk ofTBDs and it was the aim of the present study to evaluate the efficacy of a combination of imidacloprid 10% and permethrin 50% (ImPer) (Advantix1; Bayer AG, Germany) in a spot-on formulation to control CME under field conditions. On January–March 2005, 845 dogs fromtwo kennels in southern Italy (kennels of Bari (KB)- and Ginosa (KG)), with a history of tick infestation were initially tested by serology and PCR assay for E. canis infection. Data on Leishmania infantum infection were also available from a previous study carried out on the same dog population. One hundred twenty-six dogs (14.9%) presented anti-E. canis antibodies with a relative prevalence of 15.6% (n = 65 dogs inKB) and 14.2% (n = 61 dogs inKG). Five hundred thirty-five animals found negative both for E. canis and L. infantuminfectionswere enrolled in three groups (Group A—treated with ImPer once a month; Group B—treated every 2 weeks; and Group C—untreated control animals) and monitored for E. canis infection by serology and PCR in November 2005 (first follow-up) and in March 2006 (second follow-up). The E. canis infection was serologically revealed, at the first and/or second follow-up, in 26 animals from Group C in KB and KG (mean incidence density rate (IDR), 13.24%) while in none of the animals fromGroup A (KB andKG) and only in one animal from Group B (IDR1.13%) inKG. The final protection efficacy of ImPer ranged from95.57%to 100%inGroupsBand A. AtPCRonly 15 dogs from KG were positive for Rickettsiales only at the first follow-up and at the sequence analysis two (both in Group C) revealed 100% homology with E. canis sequences while 13 with Anaplasma platys. Four out of 13 A. platys PCR-positive dogs were also seropositive for E. canis at one or both follow-ups. ImPer, by virtue of its repellent and acaricidal activity against ticks, has been shown to be efficacious to prevent E. canis infection in treated dogs living under natural conditions in endemic areas. # 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Application of 10% imidacloprid/50% permethrin to prevent Ehrlichia canis exposure in dogs under natural conditions

OTRANTO, Domenico;PARADIES, PAOLA;TESTINI, GABRIELLA;LATROFA, MARIA STEFANIA;WEIGL, STEFANIA;CANTACESSI, CINZIA;DE CAPRARIIS, Donato;
2008

Abstract

Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME) caused by Ehrlichia canis is the most known canine tick-borne disease (TBD) spread throughout the world. Preventing tick bites is a priority to reduce the risk ofTBDs and it was the aim of the present study to evaluate the efficacy of a combination of imidacloprid 10% and permethrin 50% (ImPer) (Advantix1; Bayer AG, Germany) in a spot-on formulation to control CME under field conditions. On January–March 2005, 845 dogs fromtwo kennels in southern Italy (kennels of Bari (KB)- and Ginosa (KG)), with a history of tick infestation were initially tested by serology and PCR assay for E. canis infection. Data on Leishmania infantum infection were also available from a previous study carried out on the same dog population. One hundred twenty-six dogs (14.9%) presented anti-E. canis antibodies with a relative prevalence of 15.6% (n = 65 dogs inKB) and 14.2% (n = 61 dogs inKG). Five hundred thirty-five animals found negative both for E. canis and L. infantuminfectionswere enrolled in three groups (Group A—treated with ImPer once a month; Group B—treated every 2 weeks; and Group C—untreated control animals) and monitored for E. canis infection by serology and PCR in November 2005 (first follow-up) and in March 2006 (second follow-up). The E. canis infection was serologically revealed, at the first and/or second follow-up, in 26 animals from Group C in KB and KG (mean incidence density rate (IDR), 13.24%) while in none of the animals fromGroup A (KB andKG) and only in one animal from Group B (IDR1.13%) inKG. The final protection efficacy of ImPer ranged from95.57%to 100%inGroupsBand A. AtPCRonly 15 dogs from KG were positive for Rickettsiales only at the first follow-up and at the sequence analysis two (both in Group C) revealed 100% homology with E. canis sequences while 13 with Anaplasma platys. Four out of 13 A. platys PCR-positive dogs were also seropositive for E. canis at one or both follow-ups. ImPer, by virtue of its repellent and acaricidal activity against ticks, has been shown to be efficacious to prevent E. canis infection in treated dogs living under natural conditions in endemic areas. # 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/116187
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