The IL12RB2 gene acts as a tumor suppressor in human B cell malignancies. Indeed, Il12rb2 knockout (KO) mice develop spontaneously B cell tumors, but also lung epithelial tumors. This latter phenotype may be related to (i) impairment of host IL-12-mediated immunosurveillance and/or (ii) IL-12 inability to inhibit directly the growth of IL-12 unresponsive malignant cells. To address this issue, we transplanted IL-12R(+) B16 melanoma cells into syngeneic Il12rb2 KO mice with the following rationale: (i) these mice have severe defects in IFN-gamma production, as well as in cytotoxic T lymphocyte and natural killer cell cytotoxicity, and (ii) they produce but do not use IL-12 that can potentially bind to and target tumor cells only. Il12rb2 KO mice displayed higher endogenous serum levels of IL-12 and developed smaller B16 tumors than WT animals. These tumors showed reduced proliferation, increased apoptosis, and defective microvessel formation related to down-regulated expression of a set of proangiogenic genes previously unrelated to IL-12. Such effects depended on direct activity of endogenous IL-12 on tumor cells in KO mice, and hydrodynamic delivered IL-12 caused further reduced tumorigenicity of B16 cells in these mice. A previously undescribed mechanism of the IL-12 antitumor activity has been here identified and characterized.

Endogenous IL-12 triggers an antiangiogenic program in melanoma cells

RIBATTI, Domenico;
2007

Abstract

The IL12RB2 gene acts as a tumor suppressor in human B cell malignancies. Indeed, Il12rb2 knockout (KO) mice develop spontaneously B cell tumors, but also lung epithelial tumors. This latter phenotype may be related to (i) impairment of host IL-12-mediated immunosurveillance and/or (ii) IL-12 inability to inhibit directly the growth of IL-12 unresponsive malignant cells. To address this issue, we transplanted IL-12R(+) B16 melanoma cells into syngeneic Il12rb2 KO mice with the following rationale: (i) these mice have severe defects in IFN-gamma production, as well as in cytotoxic T lymphocyte and natural killer cell cytotoxicity, and (ii) they produce but do not use IL-12 that can potentially bind to and target tumor cells only. Il12rb2 KO mice displayed higher endogenous serum levels of IL-12 and developed smaller B16 tumors than WT animals. These tumors showed reduced proliferation, increased apoptosis, and defective microvessel formation related to down-regulated expression of a set of proangiogenic genes previously unrelated to IL-12. Such effects depended on direct activity of endogenous IL-12 on tumor cells in KO mice, and hydrodynamic delivered IL-12 caused further reduced tumorigenicity of B16 cells in these mice. A previously undescribed mechanism of the IL-12 antitumor activity has been here identified and characterized.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/11549
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