A study of the liver pigment cells of Rana esculenta L. has been performed on both liver in tote and cells in culture. Ultrastructural and cytochemical analyses showed a close relationship between this visceral pigment cell system and the cells of hepatic macrophage lineage. Like the latter, the liver pigment cells present phagocytic activity, in the sinusoids and in vitro, and give a positive response to tests for peroxidase and lipase. The liver pigment cells are isolated, together with the Kupffer cells, from the sinusoidal cell fraction of the liver. In culture, they maintain their melanogenetic ability, demonstrated by the presence of dopaoxidase activity in the soluble, membranous, and melanosome fractions. Analysis of the cultures showed that as culture time increased, so did melanosome dopaoxidase activity, the number of pigmented fields; and the level of pigmentation of the cells. The values of dopaoxidase activity of the pigment cells in culture show the same seasonal oscillations as the system in tote, indicating that the cells maintain an internal clock, at least in the first 72 h of culture. There is evidence that the pigment cells are macrophages which can express a melanogenetic function. Our results and other experimental data provide a basis for hypothesizing that the pigment cells in Rana esculenta L. liver may derive from, or have a common origin with, the Kupffer cells.

Ultrastructural and functional study of the liver pigment cells from Rana esculenta L. liver

GUIDA, Gabriella;MAIDA, Immacolata;GALLONE, Anna;
1998-01-01

Abstract

A study of the liver pigment cells of Rana esculenta L. has been performed on both liver in tote and cells in culture. Ultrastructural and cytochemical analyses showed a close relationship between this visceral pigment cell system and the cells of hepatic macrophage lineage. Like the latter, the liver pigment cells present phagocytic activity, in the sinusoids and in vitro, and give a positive response to tests for peroxidase and lipase. The liver pigment cells are isolated, together with the Kupffer cells, from the sinusoidal cell fraction of the liver. In culture, they maintain their melanogenetic ability, demonstrated by the presence of dopaoxidase activity in the soluble, membranous, and melanosome fractions. Analysis of the cultures showed that as culture time increased, so did melanosome dopaoxidase activity, the number of pigmented fields; and the level of pigmentation of the cells. The values of dopaoxidase activity of the pigment cells in culture show the same seasonal oscillations as the system in tote, indicating that the cells maintain an internal clock, at least in the first 72 h of culture. There is evidence that the pigment cells are macrophages which can express a melanogenetic function. Our results and other experimental data provide a basis for hypothesizing that the pigment cells in Rana esculenta L. liver may derive from, or have a common origin with, the Kupffer cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/112642
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