Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of inducible cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the role of vasodilatory prostanoids and endogenous nitric oxide (NO) in small omental arteries harvested from patients with severe liver diseases. DESIGN: Ex vivo study of resistance arteries. SETTING. Intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Twenty patients undergoing liver transplantation for fulminant hepatic failure (FHF, n=6), cirrhogenous viral hepatitis (CH, n=6) and limited hepatocarcinoma (controls, n=8). INTERVENTIONS: Western blot and immunohistochemical labeling for assessment of COX-2 and iNOS expression and localization and ex vivo vascular reactivity studies. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Significant upregulation of COX-2 and iNOS expressions were detected in arteries from FHF and CH patients with a greater increase in the former than in the latter. Ex vivo contractile responses to norepinephrine and the thromboxane A(2) analog, U46619, were not significantly different between patients with severe liver dysfunction and controls. Exposure to either the NO-synthase inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), the cyclooxygenase inhibitor, indomethacin, or their combination did not significantly modify contractions of agonists in controls and CH patients. In FHF, the specific COX-2 inhibitor, N-(2-cyclohexyloxy-4-nitrophenyl) methanesulfonamide (1 micro m/l), but not L-NAME, significantly enhanced the maximal effect ( p<0.01) and the sensitivity ( p<0.01) to norepinephrine. CONCLUSIONS: COX-2 and iNOS are upregulated in omental arteries from patients with cirrhogenous hepatitis and fulminant hepatic failure. Whereas neither NO nor vasodilatory prostaglandins seem to play a major role in counteracting arterial contractility of arteries from control patients, COX-2 derivatives are involved in lowering the arterial contractility of vessels harvested from FHF patients.
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|Titolo:||Cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase in omental arteries harvested from patients with severe liver diseases: immuno-localization and influence on vascular tone|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|