BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to retrospectively compare perioperative (<30 days) and 2-year results of open and endovascular management of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) in a single-center experience. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2010, 64 PAAs in 59 consecutive patients were operated on at our institution; in 43 cases, open repair was performed (group 1), whereas the remaining 21 cases had an endovascular procedure (group 2). Data from all the interventions were prospectively collected in a dedicated database, which included main preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative parameters. Early results in terms of mortality, graft thrombosis, and amputation rates were analyzed and compared by χ(2) text or Fisher exact text. The surveillance program consisted of clinical and ultrasonographic examinations at 1, 6, and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Follow-up results (survival, primary and secondary patency, limb salvage) were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curves, and differences in the two groups were assessed by log-rank test. RESULTS: There were no differences between the two groups in terms of sex, age, risk factors for atherosclerosis, and comorbidities; PAAs were symptomatic in 48% of cases in group 1 and in 29% in group 2 (P = 0.1). Fifteen patients with mild-to-moderate acute ischemia due to PAA thrombosis underwent preoperative intra-arterial thrombolysis, 13 in group 1 and 2 in group 2. In open surgery group, nine cases were treated with aneurysmectomy and prosthetic graft interposition, and in seven cases, the aneurysm was opened and a prosthetic graft was placed inside the aneurysm. In 27 cases, ligation of the aneurysm with bypass grafting (21 prosthetic grafts and 6 autologous veins) was carried out. In group 2, 20 patients had endoprosthesis placement, whereas in the remaining patient, a multilayer nitinol stent was used. There was one perioperative death in a patient of group 2 who underwent concomitant endovascular aneurysm repair and PAA endografting. Cumulative 30-day death and amputation rate was 4.5% in group 1 and 4.7% in group 2 (P = 0.9). Follow-up was available in 61 interventions (96%) with a mean follow-up period of 22.5 months (range: 1-60). Estimated primary patency rates at 24 months were 78.1% in group 1 and 59.4% in group 2 (P = 0.1). Freedom from reintervention rates at 24 months were 79% in group 1 and 61.5% in group 2 (P = 0.2); estimated 24-month secondary patency rates were 81.6% in group 1 and 78.4% in group 2 (P = 0.9), and freedom from amputation rates were 92.7% and 95%, respectively (P = 0.7). CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment of PAAs provided, in our initial experience, satisfactory perioperative and 1-year results, not significantly different from those obtained with prosthetic open repair in patients with similar clinical and anatomical status. There is, however, a trend toward poorer primary patency rates among patients endovascularly treated, who also seem to require more frequently a reintervention.

Comparison of Early and Midterm Results of Open and Endovascular Treatment of Popliteal Artery Aneurysms.

PULLI, RAFFAELE;ANGILETTA, DOMENICO;
2012

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to retrospectively compare perioperative (<30 days) and 2-year results of open and endovascular management of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) in a single-center experience. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2010, 64 PAAs in 59 consecutive patients were operated on at our institution; in 43 cases, open repair was performed (group 1), whereas the remaining 21 cases had an endovascular procedure (group 2). Data from all the interventions were prospectively collected in a dedicated database, which included main preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative parameters. Early results in terms of mortality, graft thrombosis, and amputation rates were analyzed and compared by χ(2) text or Fisher exact text. The surveillance program consisted of clinical and ultrasonographic examinations at 1, 6, and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Follow-up results (survival, primary and secondary patency, limb salvage) were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curves, and differences in the two groups were assessed by log-rank test. RESULTS: There were no differences between the two groups in terms of sex, age, risk factors for atherosclerosis, and comorbidities; PAAs were symptomatic in 48% of cases in group 1 and in 29% in group 2 (P = 0.1). Fifteen patients with mild-to-moderate acute ischemia due to PAA thrombosis underwent preoperative intra-arterial thrombolysis, 13 in group 1 and 2 in group 2. In open surgery group, nine cases were treated with aneurysmectomy and prosthetic graft interposition, and in seven cases, the aneurysm was opened and a prosthetic graft was placed inside the aneurysm. In 27 cases, ligation of the aneurysm with bypass grafting (21 prosthetic grafts and 6 autologous veins) was carried out. In group 2, 20 patients had endoprosthesis placement, whereas in the remaining patient, a multilayer nitinol stent was used. There was one perioperative death in a patient of group 2 who underwent concomitant endovascular aneurysm repair and PAA endografting. Cumulative 30-day death and amputation rate was 4.5% in group 1 and 4.7% in group 2 (P = 0.9). Follow-up was available in 61 interventions (96%) with a mean follow-up period of 22.5 months (range: 1-60). Estimated primary patency rates at 24 months were 78.1% in group 1 and 59.4% in group 2 (P = 0.1). Freedom from reintervention rates at 24 months were 79% in group 1 and 61.5% in group 2 (P = 0.2); estimated 24-month secondary patency rates were 81.6% in group 1 and 78.4% in group 2 (P = 0.9), and freedom from amputation rates were 92.7% and 95%, respectively (P = 0.7). CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment of PAAs provided, in our initial experience, satisfactory perioperative and 1-year results, not significantly different from those obtained with prosthetic open repair in patients with similar clinical and anatomical status. There is, however, a trend toward poorer primary patency rates among patients endovascularly treated, who also seem to require more frequently a reintervention.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/105270
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