Beta3-Adrenergic receptor (b3-AR) is expressed in several tissues and is considered a drug target for the treatment of several pathologies such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, cachexia, metabolic syndrome, heart failure, anxiety and depressive disorders, preterm labor, overactive bladder, control colon motility, and of coadjuvants in colon cancer therapy. It is a seven-transmembrane domain (7TD) G-protein coupled receptor and is usually coupled to a Gs-protein (Gi- protein in very few cases), and its stimulation increases the production of cAMP. A lot of b3-AR agonists have been uncovered and extensively characterized. Conversely, very little is known about b3-AR inverse agonists that would sup- press the agonist-independent activity (constitutive activity) of the receptor by stabilizing it in its inactive state. This chapter attempts to outline (a) the importance of the b3-AR as a therapeutic target through the disquisition of its role in human health (physiology) and disease (pathology); (b) the description of b3-AR structure [amino acid sequence and 7TD organization]; (c) the medicinal chemistry of b3-AR: 7TD amino acid–ligand specific interactions, b-adrenoreceptor subtype selectivity, stereospecific interactions and biological activity relation- ships, inverse agonism and blockage of b3-adrenoceptor constitutive activity; and (d) b3-AR inverse agonists. The detailed procedure to prepare and assess the biological activity/selectivity of the more potent and selective b3-AR inverse agonists (SP-1e and SP-1g) up to now known is also described.

Beta 3-Adrenoceptor Agonists and (Antagonists as) Inverse Agonists: History, Perspective, Constitutive Activity, and Stereospecific Binding

SCILIMATI, Antonio
2010

Abstract

Beta3-Adrenergic receptor (b3-AR) is expressed in several tissues and is considered a drug target for the treatment of several pathologies such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, cachexia, metabolic syndrome, heart failure, anxiety and depressive disorders, preterm labor, overactive bladder, control colon motility, and of coadjuvants in colon cancer therapy. It is a seven-transmembrane domain (7TD) G-protein coupled receptor and is usually coupled to a Gs-protein (Gi- protein in very few cases), and its stimulation increases the production of cAMP. A lot of b3-AR agonists have been uncovered and extensively characterized. Conversely, very little is known about b3-AR inverse agonists that would sup- press the agonist-independent activity (constitutive activity) of the receptor by stabilizing it in its inactive state. This chapter attempts to outline (a) the importance of the b3-AR as a therapeutic target through the disquisition of its role in human health (physiology) and disease (pathology); (b) the description of b3-AR structure [amino acid sequence and 7TD organization]; (c) the medicinal chemistry of b3-AR: 7TD amino acid–ligand specific interactions, b-adrenoreceptor subtype selectivity, stereospecific interactions and biological activity relation- ships, inverse agonism and blockage of b3-adrenoceptor constitutive activity; and (d) b3-AR inverse agonists. The detailed procedure to prepare and assess the biological activity/selectivity of the more potent and selective b3-AR inverse agonists (SP-1e and SP-1g) up to now known is also described.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11586/101374
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