Context Polymyxin B fiber column is a medical device designed to reduce blood endotoxin levels in sepsis. Gram-negative–induced abdominal sepsis is likely associated with high circulating endotoxin. Reducing circulating endotoxin levels with polymyxin B hemoperfusion could potentially improve patient clinical outcomes. Objective To determine whether polymyxin B hemoperfusion added to conventional medical therapy improves clinical outcomes (mean arterial pressure [MAP], vasopressor requirement, oxygenation, organ dysfunction) and mortality compared with conventional therapy alone. Design, Setting, and Patients A prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial (Early Use of Polymyxin B Hemoperfusion in Abdominal Sepsis [EUPHAS]) conducted at 10 Italian tertiary care intensive care units between December 2004 and December 2007. Sixty-four patients were enrolled with severe sepsis or septic shock who underwent emergency surgery for intra-abdominal infection. Intervention Patients were randomized to either conventional therapy (n=30) or conventional therapy plus 2 sessions of polymyxin B hemoperfusion (n=34). Main Outcome Measures Primary outcome was change in MAP and vasopressor requirement, and secondary outcomes were PaO2/FIO2 (fraction of inspired oxygen) ratio, change in organ dysfunction measured using Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores, and 28-day mortality. Results MAP increased (76 to 84 mm Hg; P=.001) and vasopressor requirement decreased (inotropic score, 29.9 to 6.8; P.001) at 72 hours in the polymyxin B group but not in the conventional therapy group (MAP, 74 to 77 mm Hg; P=.37; inotropic score, 28.6 to 22.4; P=.14). The PaO2/FIO2 ratio increased slightly (235 to 264; P=.049) in the polymyxin B group but not in the conventional therapy group (217 to 228; P=.79). SOFA scores improved in the polymyxin B group but not in the conventional therapy group (change in SOFA, −3.4 vs −0.1; P.001), and 28-day mortality was 32% (11/34 patients) in the polymyxin B group and 53% (16/30 patients) in the conventional therapy group (unadjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.20-0.94; adjusted HR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.16-0.80). Conclusion In this preliminary study, polymyxin B hemoperfusion added to conventional therapy significantly improved hemodynamics and organ dysfunction and reduced 28-day mortality in a targeted population with severe sepsis and/or septic shock from intra-abdominal gram-negative infections.

Early use of polymyxin B hemoperfusion in abdominal septic shock: the EUPHAS randomized controlled trial

BRIENZA, Nicola;
2009

Abstract

Context Polymyxin B fiber column is a medical device designed to reduce blood endotoxin levels in sepsis. Gram-negative–induced abdominal sepsis is likely associated with high circulating endotoxin. Reducing circulating endotoxin levels with polymyxin B hemoperfusion could potentially improve patient clinical outcomes. Objective To determine whether polymyxin B hemoperfusion added to conventional medical therapy improves clinical outcomes (mean arterial pressure [MAP], vasopressor requirement, oxygenation, organ dysfunction) and mortality compared with conventional therapy alone. Design, Setting, and Patients A prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial (Early Use of Polymyxin B Hemoperfusion in Abdominal Sepsis [EUPHAS]) conducted at 10 Italian tertiary care intensive care units between December 2004 and December 2007. Sixty-four patients were enrolled with severe sepsis or septic shock who underwent emergency surgery for intra-abdominal infection. Intervention Patients were randomized to either conventional therapy (n=30) or conventional therapy plus 2 sessions of polymyxin B hemoperfusion (n=34). Main Outcome Measures Primary outcome was change in MAP and vasopressor requirement, and secondary outcomes were PaO2/FIO2 (fraction of inspired oxygen) ratio, change in organ dysfunction measured using Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores, and 28-day mortality. Results MAP increased (76 to 84 mm Hg; P=.001) and vasopressor requirement decreased (inotropic score, 29.9 to 6.8; P.001) at 72 hours in the polymyxin B group but not in the conventional therapy group (MAP, 74 to 77 mm Hg; P=.37; inotropic score, 28.6 to 22.4; P=.14). The PaO2/FIO2 ratio increased slightly (235 to 264; P=.049) in the polymyxin B group but not in the conventional therapy group (217 to 228; P=.79). SOFA scores improved in the polymyxin B group but not in the conventional therapy group (change in SOFA, −3.4 vs −0.1; P.001), and 28-day mortality was 32% (11/34 patients) in the polymyxin B group and 53% (16/30 patients) in the conventional therapy group (unadjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.20-0.94; adjusted HR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.16-0.80). Conclusion In this preliminary study, polymyxin B hemoperfusion added to conventional therapy significantly improved hemodynamics and organ dysfunction and reduced 28-day mortality in a targeted population with severe sepsis and/or septic shock from intra-abdominal gram-negative infections.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11586/101082
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